Homeschooling

Fifth Grade

Kindergarten (5)

Arts

  • Describe, create, and perform dance movements
  • Create and perform dance movements, individually and with a partner
  • Understand the physical processes and discipline associated with dance
  • Identify melody, rhythm, harmony, and timbre in musical selections
  • Respond to sounds and sound patterns with body movements
  • Compose, improvise, and perform basic musical patterns
  • Listen to, describe, and respond to a variety of music
  • Read and write patterns with musical notes and rhythmic notation
  • Read, write, and perform diatonic scales
  • Identify some common musical instruments by sight and sound
  • Identify and sing a variety of kinds of music and musical forms
  • Improvise dramatizations of stories or ideas
  • Take part in writing scripts, designing sets, and performing group dramas
  • Create costumes and props for a performance
  • Observe patterns in nature and works of art
  • Identify and describe elements in works of visual art (line, color, texture, shapes/form, space, value [color], etc.)
  • Create original works of visual art in various media and dimensions
  • Express observations, ideas, or feelings through music, drama, or visual art
  • Identify and discuss some well-known works of dance, drama, music, or visual arts and some artists, actors, writers, musicians, choreographers, or composers
  • Describe and analyze a variety of works of art according to their elements
  • Apply evaluative skills to movies and video
  • Learn and use vocabulary of dance, music, drama, and visual arts
  • Describe techniques for a given form of art
  • Compare and contrast two works of art
  • Identify purposes, effects, influences, and historical contributions of art
  • Understand how culture affects art and how art reflects culture
  • Demonstrate appropriate audience skills for live artistic performances
  • Identify and describe careers in the arts

Health and Safety

  • Health choices and consequences of choices
  • Benefits of, practices for, and personal responsibility for health (including healthy eating, exercise, stress-management, personal hygiene, adequate sleep, social and emotional health, disease prevention, and avoidance of accidents and dangers)
  • Components of a personal health plan
  • Influences of peer, media, family, and cultural pressure on physical, emotional, and social health
  • Structure, functions, and interdependence of major body systems
  • ŸIdentification of foods that are sources of nutrient groups
  • Understanding and tracking calorie intake
  • Aerobic and anaerobic exercise (contingent on any physical or other limitations)
  • Myths and facts related to disease transmission and prevention
  • Harmful viruses, such as the common cold, polio, measles, HPV, and HIV
  • Ways body defends itself against germs
  • Understanding of changes in anatomy during puberty
  • Basic safety rules for daily and recreational activities
  • Skills to identify, avoid, report, and cope with potentially dangerous situations
  • Practices for responding to emergencies
  • Identify safe behaviors around strangers
  • Use, abuse, and effects of medications, tobacco, alcohol, and other substances
  • Positive and negative characteristics of social groups gangs, clubs, cliques
  • Reasons and ways to avoid violence, gangs, weapons, and drugs
  • Development of self-confidence and self-esteem
  • Respect and consideration for all individuals
  • Healthy ways of getting attention
  • Healthy ways of responding to disrespectful behavior
  • Self-control and appropriate ways to express emotions
  • Positive social interactions with peers, in home, and in the community
  • Bullying, alternative behaviors to bullying, and appropriate responses to bullying
  • Strategies for resolving conflicts with peers and others
  • Skills for meeting people, making friends, and being a good friend
  • ŸGetting personal support from family
  • How and where to get help in making health decisions

Language Arts

  • Apply grade-level phonics and word analysis skills in reading unfamiliar words
  • Read grade-level texts with purpose and understanding
  • Orally read grade-level texts with accuracy, expression, and appropriate rate
  • Confirm and self-correct words during oral reading
  • Identify main topics, ideas, or arguments in grade-level text
  • Explain how details in the text support main ideas
  • Identify evidence in the text to support the author’s message or reader’s responses
  • Describe theme of a literary text
  • Summarize literary and informational or explanatory texts
  • Compare and contrast characters, settings, events, or ideas from a text
  • Determine meanings and effects of words or phrases as used in a text
  • Describe overall structure of a passage and its effect on the message
  • Describe how chapters, sections, scenes, or stanzas fit together in a text
  • Use features in the text and search tools to locate relevant information
  • Explain connections between people, events, ideas, concepts, or steps in a text
  • Describe how a narrator’s or writer’s point of view influences the text
  • Explain how visual and multimedia elements contribute to the meaning and tone
  • Compare, contrast, and analyze texts in the same genre or on the same topic
  • Find and integrate information from multiple sources to answer a question or solve a problem
  • By the end of the academic year, read and understand grade-level literary and informational texts at grade level independently and with proficiency
  • Express ideas and feelings clearly
  • Speak clearly and audibly in sensible sentences
  • Describe people, places, things, and events with relevant details
  • Give and follow directions
  • Participate in conversations with diverse partners and groups
  • Follow agreed-upon rules and preparation procedures for discussions
  • Listen and respond to others with focus and care
  • Summarize points made by a speaker
  • Present a spoken report with supporting facts and details
  • Add visual components to a speech to clarify ideas, feelings, and thoughts
  • Express ideas and feelings clearly
  • Speak clearly and audibly in sensible sentences
  • Describe people, places, things, and events with relevant details
  • Give and follow directions
  • Participate in conversations with diverse partners and groups
  • Follow agreed-upon rules for discussions
  • Listen and respond to others with focus and care
  • Ask and answer questions about key details heard in an oral or visual presentation
  • Present a report or tell a story with appropriate facts, relevant details
  • Add visual components to a speech to clarify ideas, feelings, and thoughts
  • Create audio recordings of stories or poems
  • Write opinion pieces supported with relevant facts and reasons, and a strong conclusion
  • Write informative or explanatory pieces supported with relevant facts and reasons, and a strong conclusion
  • Write narrations that include details, put events in order, and provide a conclusion
  • Strengthen writing by getting feedback, revising, editing, and rewriting
  • Add dialogue and descriptions to develop characters and events
  • Use tools, including digital tools, to produce and publish writing
  • Gather information from various sources to answer a question
  • Create written and visual works to summarize and share information
  • Conduct short research topics on a topic through investigation
  • Regularly produce clear writing for a variety of tasks, purposes, and audiences
    • Identify parts of speech and their functions in specific sentences
    • Recognize and use conjunctions, prepositions, and interjections
    • Form, recognize, and use various verb tenses and appropriate shifts in verb tense
    • Expand, combine, and reduce sentences for meaning, style, and interest
    • Use conventions of English correctly when writing (capitalization, punctuation, and spelling)
    • Spell grade-level words correctly
    • Consult reference materials to check spellings
    • Correctly use the English language when speaking, reading, or writing
    • Know the difference between formal and informal English and when to use each

Math

  • Use equivalent fractions as a strategy to add and subtract fractions with unlike denominators (2/5 + 7/3 = 6/15 + 35/15 = 41/15)
  • ŸSolve word problems with addition and subtraction of fractions or mixed numbers with like and unlike denominators
  • ŸCreate models or equations to represent problems with fractions
  • ŸUnderstand a fraction as division of the numerator by the denominator
  • ŸSolve word problems dividing whole numbers leading to fraction or mixed number answers
  • ŸMultiply a fraction by a whole number or a whole number by a fraction
  • Find areas of rectangles with fractional sides by modeling with unit squares
  • ŸInterpret multiplication as scaling (resizing)
  • ŸExplain results of multiplying a number by a fraction greater or less than 1
  • ŸUse all operations to solve world problems with fractions and mixed numbers
  • ŸCompute and explain division of a fraction by a whole number
  • ŸCompute and explain division of a whole number by unit fraction
  • ŸDivide unit fractions by non-zero whole numbers and whole numbers by unit fractions
  • Write and interpret numerical expressions
  • Ÿ Evaluate simple expressions
  • Ÿ Analyze patterns and relationships
  • Ÿ Expand a whole number (2-50) as a product of its prime factors
  • Ÿ Analyze patterns and relationships given two rules
  • Understand the coordinate system and the meanings of the origin, x-axis, x-coordinate, y-axis, and y-coordinate
  • Graph points in the first quadrant of the coordinate plane to solve real-world and mathematical problems
  • Classify two-dimensional figures into categories based on their properties
  • Classify two-dimensional figures into a hierarchy
  • Understand that each place in a number represents 10 times the place to right and one-tenth of the place to the left
  • ŸKnow patterns of zeros when multiplying or dividing a number by powers of 10
  • ŸUse exponents to show powers of 10
  • ŸRead, write, and compare decimals to the thousandths place
  • ŸPerform operations with multi-digit whole numbers
  • ŸPerform operations with decimals to hundredths
  • ŸConvert like measurement units within a given measurement system
  • Use measurement conversions in solving real world problems
  • Use a line plot to display a data set of unit fraction measurements
  • Use operations of fractions to solve problems from displayed data
  • Understand concepts of volume and measuring of volume
  • Relate volume to multiplication and to addition
  • Define and describe a cubic unit
  • Use standard or improvised unit cubes to measure volume
  • Find volume of rectangular prisms by packing the prism with unit cubes
  • Know and apply formulas for the volume of right rectangular prisms
  • Solve real world problems involving volume
  • Find volumes of solid figures that are composed of two non-overlapping right rectangular prisms

Science

  • The universe and its stars
  • Patterns and movements in the solar system
  • Earth’s orbit and rotation and the resulting patterns
  • Earth systems (geosphere, hydrosphere, atmosphere, biosphere) and their interactions
  • The role of water in Earth surface processes
  • Rocks and minerals and their classifications
  • Earth’s topography
  • Human impact on Earth systems
  • Interdependent energy relationships in ecosystem
  • Matter and energy flow in organisms for maintenance, growth, and repair
  • Life cycles and energy cycles in ecosystems
  • Forest ecosystems
  • Food chains and food webs
  • ŸHuman impact on Earth and ecosystems
  • Observations and measurements that identify properties of materials
  • Atoms and molecules in matter and their behavior in different states of matter
  • Chemical reactions
  • Law of Conservation of Matter
  • Chemical processes in everyday life
  • Gravitational force on planets

Social Science

  • Understanding that members of a civilization share certain common characteristics, customs, beliefs, and values
  • Development of unique cultures in the early Americas
  • Description of Mayan, Aztec, Incan civilizations
  • Appreciation of the complexity of ancient societies and civilizations
  • Cultural diffusion, including the Columbian Exchange
  • Cultural comparison between regions (now the United States, Canada, Caribbean, and South America) in the past and present
  • Key cultural contributions to United States culture and the world from the other Western Hemisphere regions
  • Current issues faced by two or more Western Hemisphere nations
  • Examples of cultural cooperation among Western Hemisphere nations
  • Development and comparison of varied political systems and their development
  • Foundation documents and basic structures of the United States, Canada, Mexico, and one country in the Caribbean region and one country in South America
  • Ways groups have struggled for equality and civil rights in some of the countries of the hemisphere
  • Ways groups have struggled for sovereignty in some of the countries
  • Multinational cooperative organizations and their functions
  • Some key ideas, symbols, and values of some of the countries
  • Development of different types of economic systems
  • Comparisons of past and present economies in the regions and nations
  • Economic activities past and present
  • Trade in the hemisphere, past and present
  • Major resources, industries, products, and services of countries and regions
  • How and why products are manufactured where they are
  • Interdependence of economies of the regions
  • Geographical features (physical and human) of each of the Western Hemisphere regions
  • How first humans adapted to and modified their environment
  • Patterns of settlement in the regions, past and present
  • Adaptations of people to the physical geography and climate
  • Resources and use of resources in the regions, past and present
  • Locations of explorations in the Western Hemisphere
  • How the geography of the regions affected transportation, communication, and interaction among the people of the regions
  • Drawing maps of patterns of settlement, movement, physical features, products, trade relationships, explorations, plants and animals, etc. in the Western Hemisphere
  • First humans in Western Hemisphere
  • Migration routes and movement of people
  • Early societies in the hemisphere
  • European exploration and its effects
  • Interactions of Europeans with Native Americans
  • Colonization and comparison of colonies
  • Transatlantic trade
  • Slave trade from Africa (reasons, transport, conditions, effects)
  • Close examination and comparison of the development of specific civilizations
  • Political development and maps of countries in the Western Hemisphere
  • Issues faced by specific countries and regions in the Western Hemisphere

Technology

  • Concepts, characteristics, and real-life uses of technology
  • Knowing parts of technology devices and systems devices
  • Developing advanced keyboard skills
  • Exploring virtual environments, simulations, programs, models, and applications
  • Effective use of available grade-level technology
  • Use of tools to produce creative original works
  • Use of tools to collaborate locally and globally
  • Use of tools and devices to develop cultural understanding
  • Use of Internet to find, use, summarize, and evaluate information
  • Planning and completing a research project to solve a problem or answer a question
  • Understand negative uses of technology and ways to avoid them
  • Participation in group collaborative interactive projects and activities
  • Developing, printing, and publishing in print and digital formats
  • Evaluating content, applications, and programs
  • Digital citizenship and etiquette
  • Legal use, fair use guidelines, and copyrights
  • Procedures for safe online behavior, including use of social media
  • Responsible care of digital equipment
  • Positive attitudes toward technology for learning
  • Demonstrating openness to learning and using new technologies

By the end of fifth grade, you can expect your child to:

  • Be generally truthful and dependable
  • Develop increasing independence
  • Improve problem-solving skills
  • Acquire more-advanced listening and responding skills
  • Enjoy organizing and classifying objects and ideas
  • Be able to read and concentrate for long periods of time
  • Read complex text fluently and with good comprehension
  • Research a topic using a variety of sources, and use the features of a book (for example, the index, glossary, and appendix) to find information
  • Identify conflict, climax, and resolution in a story
  • Write an organized, multi-paragraph composition in sequential order with a central idea
  • Use problem-solving strategies to solve real-world math problems
  • Add and subtract fractions and decimals
  • Identify and describe three-dimensional shapes, and find their volumes and surface areas
  • Use long division to divide large numbers by multi-digit numbers

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