Fourth Grade

Fourth Grade

Arts

  • Perform and create artistic movements and patterns
  • Ÿ Understand the physical processes and discipline associated with dance
  • Ÿ Identify melody, rhythm, harmony, and timbre in musical selections
  • Ÿ Respond to sounds and sound patterns with body movements
  • Ÿ Improvise music with classroom instruments
  • Ÿ Listen, describe, and respond to a variety of music
  • Ÿ Read and write patterns with musical notes and rhythmic notation
  • Ÿ Read, write, and perform diatonic scales
  • Ÿ Identify some common musical instruments by sight and sound
  • Ÿ Identify and sing a variety of kinds of music and musical forms
  • Ÿ Improvise dramatizations of stories or ideas
  • Ÿ Take part in writing scripts, designing sets, and performing group dramas
  • Ÿ Create costumes and props for a performance
  • Ÿ Observe patterns in nature and works of art
  • Ÿ Identify and describe elements in works of visual art (line, color, texture, shapes/form, space, value, etc.)
  • Ÿ Create original works of visual art in various media and dimensions
  • Ÿ Express observations, ideas, or feelings through music, drama, or visual art
  • Ÿ Identify and discuss some well-known works of dance, drama, music, or visual arts and some artists, actors, writers, musicians, choreographers, or composers
  • Ÿ Describe and analyze a variety of works of art according to their elements
  • Ÿ Learn and use vocabulary of dance, music, drama, and visual arts
  • Ÿ Describe techniques for a given form of art
  • Ÿ Compare and contrast two works of art
  • Ÿ Identify purposes, effects, and influences of art
  • Ÿ Understand how culture affects art and how art reflects culture
  • Ÿ Demonstrate appropriate audience skills for live artistic performances

Health and Safety

  • Health choices and consequences of choices
  • Ÿ Benefits of health (including healthy eating, exercise, stress-management, adequate sleep, social and emotional health, disease prevention, and avoidance of accidents and dangers)
  • Ÿ Personal responsibility for fitness, stress management, health, and safety
  • Ÿ Influences of peers, media, family, and cultural pressure on physical, emotional, and social health
  • Ÿ Major body systems and their functions
  • Ÿ Nutrients and benefits of nutrients to the body
  • Aerobic and anaerobic exercise (contingent on any physical or other limitations)
  • Ÿ Prevention and transmission of disease by individual behaviors
  • Ÿ Communicable and noncommunicable diseases
  • Ÿ Ways body defends itself against germs
  • Ÿ Basic safety rules for daily and recreational activities
  • Ÿ Skills to identify, avoid, and cope with potentially dangerous situations
  • Ÿ Practices for responding to emergencies
  • Ÿ Identify safe behaviors around strangers
  • Ÿ Use, abuse, and effects of medications, tobacco, alcohol, and other substances
  • Ÿ Ways to avoid use of illegal drugs and other harmful substances
  • Ÿ Positive and negative characteristics of social groups gangs, clubs, cliques
  • Ÿ Reporting and getting help in unsafe situations
  • Ÿ Reasons and ways to avoid violence, gangs, and weapons
  • Ÿ Development of self-confidence and self-esteem
  • Ÿ Respect and consideration for all individuals
  • Ÿ Healthy ways of getting attention
  • Ÿ Healthy ways of responding to disrespectful behavior
  • Ÿ Self-control and appropriate ways to express emotions
  • Ÿ Positive social interactions with peers, in home, and in the community
  • Ÿ Bullying, alternative behaviors to bullying, and appropriate responses to bullying
  • Ÿ Strategies for resolving conflicts with peers and others
  • Ÿ Skills for meeting people, making friends, and being a good friend
  • Ÿ Getting personal support from family
  • Ÿ How and where to get help in making health decisions

Language Arts

  • Apply grade-level phonics and word analysis skills in reading unfamiliar words
  • Read grade-level texts with purpose and understanding
  • Orally read grade-level texts with accuracy, expression, and appropriate rate
  • Confirm and self-correct words during oral reading
  • Identify parts of speech and their functions in specific sentences
  • Use relative pronouns, progressive verb tenses, and prepositional phrases
  • Form and use possessive nouns
  • Produce complete sentences; correct incomplete or run-on sentences
  • Correctly use words that are frequently confused
  • Use conventions of English when writing (capitalization, punctuation, and spelling)
  • Punctuate dialogue correctly
  • Spell grade-level words correctly
  • Consult reference materials to check spellings
  • Correctly use the English language when speaking, reading, or writing
  • Know the difference between formal and informal English and when to use each
  • Identify main topic, idea, or argument in grade-level text
  • Show understanding of key details in a text
  • Identify text evidence to support the author’s message or reader’s responses
  • Retell stories, including tales from diverse cultures
  • Describe main message, lesson, or moral from stories or other texts
  • Describe characters in a story and how their actions contribute to the plot
  • Determine meanings of words or phrases as used in a text
  • Describe effects and uses of words and phrases in passages
  • Describe overall structure of a passage and its effect on the message
  • Describe how parts of a story, poem, or drama build on other parts
  • Use features in the text and Internet search tools to locate relevant information
  • Explain connections between a series of events, ideas, concepts, or steps in a text
  • Explain differences between an author’s point of view and their own
  • Explain how visual images and graphics contribute to and clarify a text
  • Combine information from two texts on the same topic
  • By the end of the academic year, read and understand grade-level literary and informational texts at grade level independently and with proficiency
  • Express ideas and feelings clearly
  • Speak clearly and audibly in sensible sentences
  • Describe people, places, things, and events with relevant details
  • Give and follow directions
  • Participate in conversations with diverse partners and groups
  • Follow agreed-upon rules for discussions
  • Listen and respond to others with focus and care
  • Ask and answer questions about key details heard in an oral or visual presentation
  • Present a report or tell a story with appropriate facts, relevant details
  • Add visual components to a speech to clarify ideas, feelings, and thoughts
  • Create audio recordings of stories or poems
  • Use context clues to determine word and phrase meanings
  • Use word structure clues to determine word meanings
  • Use synonyms and antonyms to clarify and explain word meanings
  • Use dictionaries and glossaries (print and digital) to determine or clarify word meaning
  • Understand and use figurative language (similes, metaphors, idioms, adages, proverbs, etc.)
  • Distinguish literal and nonliteral meanings of words in context
  • Distinguish shades of meaning among related words
  • Learn and use grade-level general academic vocabulary
  • Write opinion, informative, or explanatory pieces that state a topic or purpose, supplying relevant facts and reasons, and presenting a conclusion
  • Write stories that include details, put events in order, and provide a conclusion
  • Make improvements and needed changes to written work
  • Use transitional words and phrases to connect ideas
  • Add dialogue and descriptions to develop characters and events
  • Use tools, including digital tools, to produce and publish writing
  • Take part in shared research and writing projects
  • Gather information from various sources to answer a question
  • Create written and visual works to summarize and share information
  • Conduct short research tasks on a topic through investigation
  • Gather information from print and digital sources and take notes
  • Write regularly for a variety of tasks, purposes, and audiences

Math

  • Use the four operations with whole numbers to solve problems with whole numbers
  • Become familiar with factors and multiples within 100
  • Generate and analyze mathematical patterns
  • Generalize place value understanding for multi-digit whole numbers
  • Understand that the digit in one place is 10 times what it would be in the place to the right
  • Read and write multi-digit numerals
  • Write numbers in expanded form to show place value of each digit (Example: 26,825 = 20,000 + 6,000 + 800 + 20 + 5)
  • Round multi-digit numerals to any place
  • Compare the values of numbers using the symbols <, > , and =
  • Use understanding of place value and properties of operations to perform multi-digit arithmetic problems
  • Draw, identify, and define points, lines, line segments, rays, and angles
  • Draw, recognize, and define parallel and nonparallel lines
  • Classify shapes by properties of their lines and angles
  • Identify different kinds of triangles; recognize right triangles
  • Recognize and define lines of symmetry
  • Compare and order numbers with different numerators and denominators
  • Build fractions from unit fractions
  • Decompose a fraction into a sum of fractions with the same denominator
  • Add and subtract mixed fractional numbers with like denominators
  • Multiply fractions by whole numbers
  • Solve word problems involving addition and subtraction of fractions
  • Create visual models to represent and solve problems with fractions
  • Express a fraction with denominator of 10 as an equivalent fraction with denominator of 100
  • Use decimal notation for fractions with denominators 10 or 100
  • Compare decimals to one hundredth
  • Know relative sizes of units in metric and English systems
  • Convert units to larger and smaller units
  • Solve word problems with time, distance, masses of objects, money, and temperature
  • Use formulas to find area and perimeter of rectangles
  • Solve real-world problems involving measurement and conversion of measurements from a larger unit to a smaller unit
  • Represent and interpret data
  • Make a line plot to show data in fractions of units
  • Understand that a circle has 360 degrees
  • Use a protractor to measure and draw angles in whole-number degrees
  • Understand and show angle measure as additive

Science

  • Earth history
  • Earth changes through plate tectonics (earthquake and volcano activity)
  • Rock evidence of Earth changes due to forces
  • Locations of earthquake and volcano activity
  • Earth changes through physical and chemical weathering
  • Natural resources and their importance and uses
  • How living things affect the physical characteristics of their region
  • Hazards that result from natural processes or extreme natural events
  • Plant manufacture of food
  • Populations of organisms
  • Food chains and food webs
  • Plant and animal structures that support growth, reproduction, and behavior
  • Plant and animal relationships in an ecosystem
  • Plant and animal adaptation and survival
  • Human interaction with the environment
  • Animal structures specialized to take in and process information
    • Definitions of energy
    • Movement and transfer of energy
    • Law of Conservation of Energy
    • Conductors and insulators
    • Relationship between energy and forces
    • Energy in chemical processes
    • Electrical circuits
    • Energy and fuels from natural resources
    • Magnets and magnetic forces
    • Electricity and magnetism; electromagnetic radiation
    • Safe use of electricity
    • Wave properties and motions
    • Transfer of digitized information
    • Properties of water
    • Changes in state of matter (evaporation, melting, condensation, freezing)
    • Water cycle
    • Floating and sinking

Social Science

  • Comparative locations and features of the state (or province, territory) in relation to the United States (or home country) and world
  • Location of one’s home in relation to other cities and features in the state (or province, territory)
  • State’s (or province’s, territory’s) location using latitude and longitude grid
  • State’s (or province’s, territory’s) borders and neighbors
  • Physical features, vegetation, and climate
  • Major cities and other human-made or cultural features
  • Studying and comparing a variety of maps of the state (or province, territory and region
  • Creating maps of physical features of state (or province, territory) and key cities
  • The state’s (or province’s, territory’s) natural resources
  • Patterns of past and present settlements and population distribution
  • Geographic factors influencing settlement and population
  • Ways the land has provided for and continues to provide for needs
  • Locations of key events in state (or provincial, territorial) history
  • Relationship between humans and the environment in the state (or province, territory
  • Rights and responsibilities of citizens in state (or province, territory)
  • State (or provincial, territorial) and patriotic symbols, traditions, and celebrations
  • Key officials and offices in state (or province, territory) and local area
  • Key elements of the state (or provincial, territorial) constitution
  • Structure of state (or provincial, territorial) government
  • Responsibilities of state (or provincial, territorial) governments
  • State (or provincial, territorial) or regional issues
  • Cultural groups that make up one’s own state (or province, territory)
  • Immigration in the state (or province, territory) and cultural diffusion
  • Contributions of different cultural groups in the state (or province, territory)
  • Key cultural and social changes in the state (or province, territory)
  • Economic activities and changes over time in the state (or province, territory)
  • Businesses and industries in the state (or province, territory)
  • State (or provincial, territorial) resources, physical and human
  • Relationships between geography and the state (or provincial, territorial) economy
  • Creating maps of products or resources
  • Trade, exports, and imports
  • Economic issues in the state (or province, territory)
  • Economic choices in the sate (or province, territory)
  • Early settlements
  • Path to status as state (or province, territory) and establishment of government
  • Structure and key concepts of state (or provincial, territorial) constitution
  • Peoples and groups who settled the state (or province, territory)
  • Key events, developments, and decisions in state (or provincial, territorial) history
  • Key people in state (or provincial, territorial) history
  • Key issues in state (or provincial, territorial) history
  • Effects of nationwide or regional events on the state (or province, territory) –American revolution, westward movement, nation-wide or regional conflicts, industrialization, slavery, environmental decisions, national security, the war on terror, etc. (U.S.A.)
  • Ways technology changes affected state (or provincial, territorial) development, communication, and transportation

Technology

  • Concepts, characteristics, and real-life uses of technology
  • Ÿ Knowing parts of technology devices and systems devices
  • Ÿ Developing advanced keyboard skills
  • Ÿ Exploring virtual environments, simulations, programs, models, and applications
  • Ÿ Effective use of available grade-level technology
  • Ÿ Use of tools to produce creative original works
  • Ÿ Use of tools to interact and exchange ideas with peers, teacher, parents, or other students
  • Ÿ Use of tools and devices to develop cultural understanding
  • Ÿ Use of Internet to find, use, summarize, and evaluate information
  • Ÿ Planning and completing a research project to solve a problem or answer a question
  • Ÿ Understand negative uses of technology and ways to avoid them
  • Ÿ Participation in group collaborative interactive projects and activities
  • Ÿ Developing, printing, and publishing in print and digital
  • Ÿ Evaluating content, applications, and programs
  • Ÿ Digital citizenship and etiquette
  • Ÿ Legal use, fair use guidelines, and copyrights
  • Ÿ Procedures for safe online behavior, including use of social media
  • Ÿ Responsible care of digital equipment
  • Ÿ Positive attitudes toward technology for learning
  • Ÿ Demonstrating openness to learning and using new technologies

By the end of fourth grade, you can expect your child to:

  • Begin to make more decisions and engage in group decision-making
  • Want to be part of a group
  • Think independently and critically
  • Have empathy
  • Show a strong sense of responsibility
  • Be able to memorize and recite facts, although he may not have a deep understanding of them
  • Increase the amount of detail in drawings
  • Work on research projects
  • Write a structured paragraph with an introductory topic sentence, three supporting details, and a closing sentence that wraps up the main idea of the paragraph
  • Use a range of strategies when drawing meaning from text, such as prediction, connections, and inference
  • Understand cause-and-effect relationships
  • Add and subtract decimals, and compare decimals and fractions
  • Multiply multi-digit numbers by two-digit numbers
  • Divide larger multi-digit numbers by one-digit numbers
  • Find the area of two-dimensional shapes
  • Have a greater awareness of fairness

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