Homeschooling

First Grade

Kindergarten (3)

Art

  • Perform and describe movement activities
  • Imitate simple movement patterns; learn simple dances
  • Create and demonstrate improvised movements
  • Read, write, and perform simple patterns of sounds and rhythms
  • Describe musical forms
  • Read and write patterns with musical notes
  • Identify some musical instruments by sight and sound
  • Sing age-appropriate songs with accuracy
  • Play accompaniments on classroom instruments
  • Improvise simple rhythms
  • Dramatize or improvise simple stories
  • Act out events or stories using language and props
  • Describe patterns in nature and works of art
  • Create and share original works of visual art in various media and dimensions
  • Create two- and three-dimensional works of art
  • Mix colors; draw or paint a still life
  • Use visual and actual texture in original works of art
  • Express observations, ideas, or feelings through music, drama, or visual art
  • Identify and discuss some well-known works of dance, drama, music, and visual arts and some artists, actors, writers, musicians, choreographers, or composers
  • Learn and use vocabulary of dance, music, drama, and visual arts
  • Describe and respond to works of visual art
  • Observe and respond to dance, music, and drama productions
  • Demonstrate appropriate audience skills for live performances

Health and Safety

  • Define and give examples of health choices and their consequences
  • Practice good personal hygiene
  • Take measures to prevent spread of disease
  • Identify and make healthy food choices
  • Discuss how food choices are influenced by peers, media, family, and community
  • Identify types of play and exercise that are good for the body
  • Participate regularly in active play and other physical activities (contingent on any physical or other limitations)
  • Understand reasons to get enough sleep and relaxation
  • Follow safety rules during play and daily activities (walking, being near streets, water play, riding in a car, biking, etc.)
  • Discuss and practice ways to prevent common childhood injuries, including poisoning
  • Name objects that may be dangerous
  • Recognize and discuss symptoms of common illnesses and diseases
  • Explain causes and symptoms of common illnesses and diseases
  • Know the basic structures and functions of the human body
  • Identify in simple terms ways body defends against germs
  • Identify health services in own community
  • Distinguish between helpful and harmful situations
  • Recognize and follow practices for responding to emergencies
  • Know how to use a telephone in an emergency; provide name, address, telephone number
  • Know how to get out of house or school in event of fire
  • Show appropriate behavior during fire, earthquake, and other disaster drills
  • Display appropriate skills to identify, avoid, report, and cope with potentially dangerous situations
  • Identify safe behaviors around strangers
  • Identify ways to get help if feeling unsafe, threatened, or abused
  • Explain and practice refusal skills to avoid unsafe behavior situations
  • Show development of self confidence and self esteem
  • Demonstrate respect and consideration for all individuals
  • Develop and display effective communication skills in social interactions
  • Identify, express, and manage feelings appropriately
  • Show positive social and practices with peers, in home, and community
  • Show understanding of and respect for individual differences
  • Identify and discuss bullying behaviors and alternative behaviors to bullying
  • Describe appropriate responses to bullying of self or others
  • Describe how to get help in solving conflicts with peers
  • Explain and practice skills for meeting people and making friends

Language Arts

  • Know sounds for two letters that represent one sound
  • Read regularly spelled one-syllable words (words that follow general spelling rules)
  • Know that a final e teams up with a common vowel to make long vowel sounds
  • Identify number and separation of syllables
  • Break words into syllables to help with reading
  • Read words with inflectional endings
  • Recognize and read many grade-appropriate words with regular and irregular spellings
  • Create new words with two- or three-letter initial sounds
  • Use phonics and word analysis skills to read unknown words
  • Write short pieces that present an opinion, supply reasons, and give a conclusion
  • Write short informative or explanatory pieces that name a topic, give relevant facts, and include a conclusion
  • Write stories (true or fictitious) that include details, put events in order, and provide a conclusion
  • With adult guidance, make improvements and needed changes to written work
  • With adult help, use tools, including digital tools, to produce and publish writing
  • Take part in shared research and writing projects, gathering information for a specific purpose
  • Create written and visual works to summarize and share information gained during research
  • Know and use various text features (table of contents, index, glossary, headings)
  • Explain major differences between texts that tell stories and those that give information
  • Retell stories, relating central ideas and key details
  • Describe main ideas, arguments, or points in informational text
  • Ask and answer questions about key details in a story or other text
  • Describe characters, settings, and events in a story
  • Describe connections between ideas, events, information, or people in a text
  • Connect information to past knowledge about the topic
  • Make predictions about what will happen next in a story
  • Identify who is telling a story at various points in the story
  • Ask and answer questions to learn or clarify meaning of words and phrases used in the text
  • Identify words and phrases in stories or poems that appeal to senses
  • Describe how illustrations connect to a story or informational text
  • Identify author’s purpose and discuss ways the text accomplishes the purpose
  • Compare and contrast adventures, experiences, settings, characters, within a story or in different stories
  • Identify similarities and differences between two texts on the same topic
  • Use texts to find information and answer questions following a step-by-step inquiry process
  • Take part in shared research and writing projects, gathering information for a specific purpose
  • Demonstrate the ability to discuss, clarify, summarize, and evaluate information gained during research
  • Read grade-level texts with accuracy, fluency, and sufficient understanding
  • Determine or clarify meanings of unknown words and phrases and multiple-meaning words from grade-level content
  • Use clues within the sentence to decide the meaning of a word or phrase
  • Use knowledge of prefixes, suffixes, and roots to decode words
  • Create new words from base words
  • With help, show understanding of figurative language
  • Sort words into categories
  • Identify real-life connections between words and their use
  • Distinguish shades of meaning among words with similar meanings
  • Choose the right word for a particular context
  • Use words and phrases gained through reading, conversing, listening,
  • Show understanding of features of sentences and paragraphs
  • Identify, understand, and use compound words
  • Express ideas and feelings clearly
  • Speak in complete sentences when appropriate
  • Participate in conversations with diverse partners and groups
  • Follow agreed-upon rules for discussions
  • Listen to others with focus and care
  • Build on others’ ideas in conversation; respond to comments
  • Describe people, places, things, and events with relevant details
  • Give and follow simple two-step directions
  • Ask questions during reading and instruction for clarification and to gain more information
  • Ask and answer questions to clarify oral presentations to which the student is listening
  • Add drawings or other visual approaches to speaking to clarify ideas, feelings, and thoughts
  • Write all upper and lowercase letters
  • Use and identify common, proper, and possessive nouns
  • Use correct singular and plural nouns to match verbs
  • Use pronouns correctly (I, me, you, my, they, them, there, anyone)
  • Use verbs to communicate past, present, and future
  • Correctly use frequently occurring adjectives and adverbs
  • Correctly use frequently occurring prepositions
  • Produce simple and compound declarative, interrogative, imperative, and exclamatory sentences
  • Write complete simple sentences
  • Capitalize names and dates
  • Use correct end punctuation for sentences
  • Use commas in dates and series
  • Use correct spelling for grade-level words
  • Spell new words phonetically

Math

  • Count beyond 100
  • Start with any number less than 120 and count forward
  • Write a numeral to name numbers to 1,000
  • Understand place value to 99
  • Use properties of addition and subtraction (commutative, associative, identity, inverse operations)
  • Use place value and properties to add and subtract within 100
  • Skip count by twos, fives, and tens
  • Mentally add or subtract 10 from any two-digit number
  • Add and subtract multiples of 10
  • Show or write problems involving addition and subtraction
  • Solve problems (including word problems) involving addition and subtraction
  • Add and subtract within 20
  • Create and work with addition and subtraction equations
  • Find missing numbers in equations
  • Compare and describe attributes of shapes
  • Distinguish between different attributes of shapes
  • Build and draw shapes with specific attributes (such as three sides)
  • Draw or create and name two-dimensional shapes (rectangles, squares, circles, triangles, and half circles)
  • Draw or create and name three-dimensional shapes (cubes, cones, and rectangular prisms)
  • Compose two-dimensional shapes from other shapes
  • Divide circles and rectangles into two and four equal shares, using the words half and quarter
  • Measure and express length by repeated same-length units
  • Put three or more objects in order by length
  • Tell and write time in hours and half hours
  • Organize, represent, and interpret data with up to three categories on tables and simple graphs
  • Compare number of points or items in different categories

Science

  • Observe, describe, and predict patterns of motion of the sun, moon, and stars
  • Describe the 24-hour day-night cycle
  • Observe, describe, and predict seasonal patterns of sunrise and sunset
  • Identify different external animal parts and their functions
  • Identify different plant parts and the ways they help the plants
  • Describe the concept of offspring of plants and animals
  • Discuss animal features and traits that help growth and survival
  • Understand the idea that animals and plants inherit traits from their parents
  • Understand that traits vary; identify examples of varying traits

Social Science

  • Describe ways families meet basic human needs
  • Describe similarities and differences in the ways different families meet basic human needs
  • Identify examples of goods and services
  • Understand that people make and use goods and services
  • Identify ways that people exchange goods and services
  • Distinguish between wants and needs
  • Give examples of people wanting more than they can have
  • Explain sources of income and why people work
  • Discuss the idea of scarcity of goods, time, or money and the choices this requires
  • Give examples of ways physical geography affects how people earn money
  • Discuss the value and limitation of natural resources
  • Identify roles and responsibilities of authority figures in the home, school, and community
  • Describe some roles of public officials in the community, state (or province or territory), and nation
  • Discuss the concept of saving
  • Describe how technology affects communication, transportation, and the way people work
  • Understand origins of holidays, customs, and celebrations of community, state (or province or territory), and nation
  • Distinguish among past, present, and future
  • Identify contributions of key historical figures in community, state (or province or territory), and nation
  • Describe and present some stories from own family history
  • Create and analyze calendars and simple timelines
  • Describe events in terms of calendar time
  • Compare lives of people in communities past and present
  • Compare past and present technologies
  • Use terms related to sequential order of events
  • Find examples of historical fact and fiction in folktale and legends
  • Put some recent events in chronological order
  • Ask and answer historical questions about events in own life or community
  • Discuss the importance of families and communities
  • Know that families pass on knowledge, language, values, customs, and traditions
  • Identify some customs, beliefs or values, and traditions
  • Understand the importance of respect and honor within families and communities
  • Identify some ways language, customs, values, and traditions vary in different families and communities
  • Recognize ways families celebrate important events in different ways
  • Describe how technology changes the way families live
  • Discuss, give examples of, and appreciate cultural diversity
  • Describe some ways that people interact with their environments
  • Identify important locations in the community
  • Locate places using the four cardinal directions (north, south, east, west)
  • Locate self, objects, and places relative to other locations
  • Describe physical characteristics of places (landforms, bodies of water, natural resources, etc.)
  • Discuss ways that human characteristics of a place (shelter, clothing, food, activities, etc.) are connected to geographic location
  • Identify examples of and uses for natural resources in the community and state
  • Create and use simple maps of house, classroom, school, and community
  • Locate community, state (or province or territory), and country on a map or globe
  • Identify important local, state (or provincial or territorial), or national natural and human-made features
  • Explain the purpose for rules and laws in the home, school, community
  • Identify rules and laws that establish order, provide safely, and manage conflict
  • Identify some of the civic values of own family, school, and country
  • Identify and practice behaviors of a good citizen in school, family, and community
  • Identify and explain state (or provincial or territorial) and national patriotic symbols, anthems, and mottos
  • Recite the Pledge of Allegiance (U.S.A.)
  • Identify some of the leaders in own community, state (or province or territory), and country
  • Identify some roles and responsibilities of authority figures
  • Explain and practice voting as a way of making choices and decisions
  • Participate in group decisions and problem solving

Technology

  • Identify basic parts of technology systems (computer, tablet, mouse, keyboard, printer, etc.)
  • Identify and use devices for word processing and running software
  • Demonstrate beginning keyboard skills
  • Know how to open, close, save, and store files and programs
  • Demonstrate responsible care and use of digital equipment
  • Identify uses of technology in daily living
  • Use tools to access and retrieve information
  • Design original works using digital tools
  • Interact with peers, teacher, parents, or other students using digital tools
  • Use digital tools to publish individual or group creations
  • Increase awareness of other groups and cultures through technology use
  • Identify and define real-life problem or question to investigate
  • Follow a plan to locate, process, and use information digitally
  • Summarize and evaluate information gained digitally
  • Understand and practice safe, responsible use of technology
  • Practice a positive attitude toward using technology for learning
  • Show openness to learning new technologies

By the end of first grade, you can expect your child to:

  • Work independently at her desk
  • Listen to longer sets of directions
  • Read directions off the board, although some children may still have difficulty with this
  • Complete homework and bring it back the next day
  • Sit in a chair for a longer period of time
  • Be able to see things from another person’s point of view so you can reason with your child and teach her empathy
  • Relate experiences in greater detail and in a logical way
  • Problem-solve disagreements
  • Crave affection from parents and teachers
  • Have some minor difficulties with friendships and working out problems with peers
  • Distinguish left from right
  • Be able to plan ahead
  • Write words with letter-combination patterns such as words with a silent e
  • Read and write high-frequency words such as where and every
  • Write complete sentences with correct capitalization and punctuation
  • Read aloud first-grade books with accuracy and understanding
  • Count change
  • Tell time to the hour and half-hour
  • Quickly answer addition and subtraction facts for sums up to 20
  • Complete two-digit addition and subtraction problems without regrouping

Leave a Reply

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.